FRENCH BASIL OIL
|Botanical Name||Ocimum basilicum L.|
|Synonyms||Ocimum thyrisf/orum L., 0. caryophyl/atum Roxb.|
|English Name||French Basil (Linalool type)|
Basil is an erect, pubescent herb reaching up to lm in height. Leaves are petioled, ovate, acuminate, toothed, gland dotted beneath. Flowers are purplish white and borne in racemes. It mostly propagates by seeds.lt is distributed throughout the warmer parts of Asia, Africa and America. It is widely cultivated in eastern and central Nepal within the altitude of 300m to lSOOm in open sunny places.
French Basil Oil is extracted by steam distillation of semi wilted flowering tops.
The oil is widely used as fragrance component in soaps, and in cosmetics and perfumery. It is also used to flavour the food items.
The oil has several therapeutic uses such as analgesic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, diaphoretic, digestive, expectorant, febrifuge, insecticide, nervine etc. The oil is used in skin care (skin tonic, assists hair growth, adds luster to dull hair), muscular aches and pains, respiratory disorders, scanty menstruation, normalize the menstrual cycle, colds and flu, nausea, anxiety, fatigue, insomnia,nervous tension etc.
|Colour:||Faint Pale Yellow|
|Aroma:||Sweet-spicy,fresh with a faint balsamic woody undertone.|
The major active constituents of French Basil oil are linalol, geraniol,T-cadinol,eugenol and 1,8-cineol.
Other minor constituents include p-cymenene, bornyl acetate, a-bergamontene, 13- elemene, terpinen-4-ol, germacrene D, geranyl acetate, a-amorphene, a-pinene, sabinene,13-pinene,13-myrcene,limonene etc.
|Specific gravity||0.8799 to 0.9111 at 25° C?>|
|Optical rotation||[-] 8.85° to[-] 11.85° at 250 C.?>|
|Refractive index||1.470 to 1.4895 at 25° C.?>|
|Acid number||2.5 to 6.5|
|Ester number||10 to 20|
|Ester number||- (after acetylation)|
|Solubility||Soluble in 1.5 to 3.5 vol. of 70% alcohol.|